Over 1,000 US health workers died of Covid-19. Many were immigrants and minorities

Over 1,000 US health workers died of Covid-19. Many were immigrants and minorities

National Nurses United (NNU) display 164 white clogs shoes outside the US Capitol to honor the more than 160 nurses who have lost their lives from Covid-19 in the US.
National Nurses United (NNU) display 164 white clogs shoes outside the US Capitol to honor the more than 160 nurses who have lost their lives from Covid-19 in the US. Photograph: Olivier Douliery/AFP/Getty Images

More than 1,000 frontline healthcare workers reportedly have died of Covid-19, according to Lost on the Frontline, an ongoing investigation by the Guardian and KHN to track and memorialize every US healthcare worker who dies from the coronavirus. Earlier this month, the organizations published an interactive database that provides the most comprehensive accounting of US healthcare workers’ deaths in the country.

The virus has taken a disproportionate toll on communities of color and immigrants – and health workers haven’t been spared.

Guardian and KHN reporters have so far published profiles of 177 of the 1,077 victims we have identified based on obituaries, news reports, social media posts and other sources. Of those 177, 62.1% were identified as Black, Latino, Asian/Pacific Islander, or Native American, and 30.5% were born outside the United States. Both figures support findings that people of color and immigrants (regardless of race) are dying at higher rates than their white and US-born counterparts.

In addition to disparities based on race and origin, our researchers found that of the 177 workers profiled so far from the Lost on the Frontline database:

  • At least 57 (32%) were reported to have had inadequate personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • The median age was 57 and ages ranged from 20 to 80, with 21 people (12%) under 40
  • Roughly 38% – 68 – were nurses, but the total also includes physicians, pharmacists, first responders and hospital technicians, among others

The disproportionate impact on people of color tracks with other research. According to a Harvard Medical School study published in the Lancet Public Health last month, healthcare workers of color were more likely to care for patients with suspected or confirmed Covid-19 and nearly twice as likely as their white counterparts to test positive for the coronavirus.

The US health system also relies heavily on immigrant health workers, who account for almost one in five health workers. Immigrant health workers tend to work in the most vulnerable communities: A 2018 study found that high-poverty areas tend to have more foreign-trained doctors than do wealthier regions, for example.

Among those lost were Corrina and Cheryl Thinn, sisters who worked in a clinic in the Navajo Nation in northern Arizona. They shared an office, lived in the same home, helped raise each other’s children and died just weeks apart.

unitedwestay

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